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Type 2 Diabetes and A1c

Diabetes is a disease in which levels of glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream are too high. The body produces glucose from the foods you eat. It also produces the hormone insulin, which carries glucose from the bloodstream to the body’s cells where it is used for energy. In type 2 diabetes, too little insulin is produced, or the body cannot use insulin properly, or both. This results in a build-up of glucose in the blood.

People with diabetes are at risk for developing serious health problems (complications). If your blood sugar level stays too high for too long, complications can include:

• Blindness
• Kidney disease and failure
• Nerve damage that may result in amputation (loss of toes, fingers, or legs)
• Heart attack and stroke

Many people with type 2 diabetes can control their blood sugar levels with diet, exercise, and oral medications (pills). Others may need insulin shots.

Read more

The Hormone Foundation

Dr. Lysette Iglesias M.D.

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