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Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which there is too much glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream. It occurs when the pancreas, a gland behind the stomach, does not produce enough insulin.

Insulin is the hormone necessary to carry sugar (produced from the foods you eat) from the bloodstream into the body’s cells, where it is used for energy. When there is not enough insulin, sugar builds up in the blood, putting people at risk for serious health problems including:

• Heart attacks and strokes
• Kidney problems
• Numbness in the feet and sores that don’t heal
• Vision problems
• Erectile dysfunction (in men)

It is important to keep blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible to avoid the long-term complications of diabetes.

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The Hormone Foundation

Dr. Lysette Iglesias M.D.

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