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Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which levels of glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream are higher than normal. Glucose is produced in the body from the foods you eat. The pancreas, an organ located just behind the stomach, produces insulin. Insulin is a hormone that takes the glucose from the bloodstream and carries it inside your body’s cells where it is used for energy. Diabetes occurs when sugar builds up in the blood.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that can develop during pregnancy, usually in the second trimester. During pregnancy the placenta produces hormones that help the baby develop. These hormones also block the effects of insulin in the woman’s body, increasing her blood sugar levels.

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The Hormone Foundation

Dr. Lysette Iglesias M.D.

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