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Diabetes and Nutrition: Carbohydrates

Diabetes is a disease characterized by higher than normal levels of glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream. Glucose is produced by the body from the foods you eat, mainly carbohydrates. So your food choices have an impact on your glucose levels.

The major nutrients in food are protein, fat, and carbohydrates. You need all of these nutrients in your diet. Among the many different sources of these nutrients, some are better for you than others. For example, lean white meat (such as chicken breast with no skin) is a healthier source of protein than fatty red meat (such as hamburger). Liquid vegetable oils (such as olive and canola) are more heart-healthy than solid fats (such as margarine and butter). There are also differences among carbohydrates, and these differences are important in diabetes control.

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The Hormone Foundation

Dr. Lysette Iglesias M.D.

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